What is web development?

Web development includes the development and maintenance of websites. Web development can range from developing a simple single static page of plain text to complex web-based internet applications (web apps), electronic businesses, and social network services. A more comprehensive list of tasks to which web development commonly refers, may include web engineering, web design, web content development, client liaison, client-side/server-side scripting, web server and network security configuration, and e-commerce development. There are two types of web development; front-end web development (client-side) and back-end web development (server-side).


Front-end web development

Front-end web development refers to developing what the user will see when the website loads up. This includes the content of the website, the design of the website, and how users will interact with the website. This is done using programming languages such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Back-end web development

Back-end web development refers to everything that happens behind the scenes of a website. The scripts which are used in back-end development are written in many different programming languages and frameworks. Some of these include PHP, Java, and Python.

Popular languages which developers use

  1. HTML 5 (Hypertext Markup Language)
  2. CSS 3(Cascading Style Sheets)
  3. JavaScript
  4. PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor)
  5. Angular


HTML is a markup language which is used to create web pages and web apps. Along with other web development languages such as CSS and JavaScript, HTML forms the foundations of web pages on the World Wide Web. Examples of HTML can be seen on the W3Schools website. These examples will show you what HTML code looks like, and what the different tags do. This can be used as a web development tutorial for beginners to learn more about HTML and how it works.


CSS is a style sheet language and when it is paired with HTML, it allows web developers to define how a web page will look like to the users visiting the website. CSS can be used to change font style, font size, color, layout, and some other website design elements. This will allow the developer to modify the website to make it suitable for the users. You can find more information about CSS including examples, templates, and references on the W3Schools website.


JavaScript (JS) is a lightweight, interpreted or JIT compiled programming language with first-class functions. Most well-known as the scripting language for Web pages, it is used to make web pages interactive. JavaScript is possibly the best language for web development as it is one of the few programming languages which is supported by all the well-known browsers without the need for any plugins. JavaScript also supports functional and object-oriented programming styles. To learn more about JavaScript, you can visit the W3Schools website. You can use this as a JavaScript web development tutorial for beginners to learn how to code websites using JavaScript.


PHP is a server-side scripting language which can be used for web development. PHP can also be used as a general-purpose programming language and it can be embedded into HTML code. This web development language is used in many popular websites such as Facebook, Yahoo, Wikipedia, and Tumblr. Here is a PHP Community website which includes many different PHP resources which you can use, these resources can be used as a PHP web development tutorial for beginners.


Angular is a platform that makes it easy to build applications with the web. Angular combines declarative templates, dependency injection, end to end tooling, and integrated best practices to solve development challenges. Angular empowers developers to build applications that live on the web, mobile, or the desktop. Here is an Angular Documentation for learning Angular.